Bhubaneswar: The India Meteorological Department (IMD) on Monday issued a notification saying different subdivisions of India indicates, above normal maximum temperature particularly for Odisha state, during this hot weather season from March to May, 2021.
The regional centre in Bhubaneswar meanwhile said that no large change both in minimum (night) temperature and Maximum (day) temperature during the next 4-5 days. However, the maximum (day) temperature very likely to be above the districts of Odisha during the next 2-3 days, it added.
The weather department further said, “Hot weather condition with above normal maximum temperature (day temperature) by about 5 degree Celsius very likely at some places over the districts of Khurda, Cuttack, Angul, Boudh, Jajpur, Keonjhar, Mayurbhanj, Bhadrak and Nayagarh during next 24 hours.”
The IMD notification said, “During the upcoming hot weather season (March to May), above normal seasonal maximum temperatures are likely over most of the subdivisions of north, northwest and northeast India, few subdivisions from eastern and western parts of central India and few coastal subdivisions of north peninsular India. However, below normal seasonal maximum temperatures are likely over most of the subdivisions of south peninsula and adjoining central India.”
The weatherman further said, “Above normal seasonal minimum temperatures are likely over most of the subdivisions of north India along the foot hills of the Himalayas, northeast India, western part of central India and southern part of peninsular India. However, below-normal season minimum temperatures are likely over most of the subdivisions of eastern part of the central India and few subdivisions of extreme northern part of the country.”
Forecast for the MAM Season (March to May 2021):
The probability and anomaly (departures from the long-term normal) forecasts for the subdivision averaged minimum and maximum temperatures respectively for the March to May 2021 (MAM) season.
The probability forecast for maximum temperatures indicates above normal maximum temperatures over most of the subdivisions of north, northwest and northeast India, few subdivisions of eastern (Chhattisgarh and Odisha) and western (Gujarat region and Saurashtra & Kutch) parts of central India, and few coastal subdivisions (Konkan and Goa and Coastal Andhra Pradesh) of north peninsular India. On the other hand, most of the subdivisions of south peninsular India and adjoining central India are likely to experience below normal maximum temperatures.
The probability forecast for minimum temperatures indicates that above normal minimum temperature are likely over most of the subdivisions of north India along the foothills of Himalayas, northeast India, western part of central India and, southern parts of peninsular India. Most of the subdivisions of east and adjoining central India and few subdivisions of extreme northern part of the country are likely to experience below normal minimum temperatures.
La Niña conditions in the Pacific Ocean:
Currently, moderate La Niña conditions are prevailing over the equatorial Pacific and sea surface temperatures (SSTs) are below normal over the central and eastern equatorial Pacific Ocean. The latest MMCFS forecast indicates that La Niña conditions are likely to sustain during the upcoming hot weather season (March to May).
Extended Range Forecast Services:
IMD also provides extended range forecasts (7 –day averaged forecasts for the next four weeks) of maximum and minimum temperatures over the country updated every week. This is based on the Multi-model ensemble dynamical Extended Range Forecasting System currently operational at IMD, New Delhi.