State of Environment: More deaths, less extreme events in 2019

New Delhi, Feb 9 (IANS) Forty eight percent per cent of the deaths in Asia due to extreme weather events happened in India, while one extreme weather event happened almost every month, and despite fewer events in 2019 compared to 2018, 18 per cent more people died last year, according to the State of India’s Environmental Annual released on Sunday.

Extreme weather events include conditions like drought, wildfire, flood, landslides, extreme temperatures, fog and storm.

In terms of deaths, 48 per cent of the deaths in Asia due to extreme weather events happened in India. And in 2019, there were more deaths in India even though the number of such events were fewer – 2.038 people died in 2019 due to extreme weather events, compared to 1.396 in 2018.

“In 2018 and 2019, one extreme weather event happened almost every month in India”, said the report prepared by the Centre for Science and Environment and Won To Earth, which was released by Rajasthan Chief Minister Ashok Gehlot in Alwar.

The findings claim that the continuity and intensity of extreme weather events in India in the 2018-19 period has taken even climate scientists and meteorologists by complete surprise.

“The world witnessed 286 and 228 extreme weather events in 2018 and 2019, respectively. Of these, India recorded 23 in 2018 and nine in 2019”, the report said.

The report claimed January saw the end of the north-east monsoon season with 44 per cent deficit rain — the third highest deficit in the past 10 years.

“North India had one of the coldest and driest winters ever, as the extreme conditions spilled into February. In March, an unseasonal heat wave roasted Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh and Kerala. In April, thunderstorms with cloud-to-ground lightning strikes began affecting states in east, central and north-east India. The month ended with the formation of a rare pre-monsoon cyclone (Fani)”, said the report.

According to the report, long spells of heatwaves occurred in May and June. “By the first week of June, the country had undergone 73 spells of heatwave conditions, 11 of them extreme; with the maximum deaths in Bihar (over 200). The conditions were so harsh that district magistrates of five districts invoked section 144 of the Criminal Procedure Code to restrict public activities during daytime”, said the report.

Followed by the delay in the onset of south-west monsoon, and weak rainfall occurred in the beginning of July, which transformed into torrential rains. “Twelve states received over 60 per cent surplus rains in the second week of July. The resultant floods in Bihar and Assam affected over 10 million people and claimed 168 lives”, it added.

The rains came in short bursts of heavy downpours followed by drier periods, a pattern, which continued till September. The report cited 1,250 events of extreme rainfall during the year, or more than three per day.

A statement released by the organisation which prepared the report, said: “The continuity of extreme events from one month to the next means that the world needs to always be on its toes. Scientists and environmentalists have called this a climate emergency.”

India has also witnessed the highest number of cyclones in a single year since 1976.

In October and November, cyclones Hikaa, Kyarr and Maha in the Arabian Sea and cyclone Bulbul in the Bay of Bengal formed and intensified in quick succession. With cyclone Pawan in December — the total number of cyclones in the northern Indian Ocean region reached eight.

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