Bharat NCAP explained: What are the similarities and differences as compared to Global NCAP

Bharat NCAP or Bharat New Car Assessment Programme has been launched recently launched by Ministry of Road Transport and Highways (MoRTH).

Bharat NCAP or Bharat New Car Assessment Programme has been launched recently launched by Ministry of Road Transport and Highways (MoRTH). The Bharat NCAP norms will come into effect from October 1, 2023. This means that the ‘Safer cars for India’ programme by Global NCAP will come to an end. For those who are unknown, the GNCAP used to rate Indian cars under the above mentioned programme.

Both the Global NCAP and Bharat NCAP tests are quite similar to each other and have a slight variation.

Similarity

Child occupant protection: When it comes to child occupant protection, the scoring and assessment procedure is quite identical to each other. Both the tests award 16 points for frontal impact test and 12 points for CRS installation, 13 points for vehicle based assessments, 8 points for side impact test etc.

Side pole impact test: According to both GNCAP and Bharat NCAP, vehicles need to be fitted with head protection system like the side and curtain airbags. Based on the protection norms, Pole tests will not be conducted if the side head protection systems are absent. However, as in 2023, if a vehicle is tested for side impact in 2023 it might get a 3-star rating or higher.

ESC requirement: The presence of ESC is optional without any minimum fitment rate in 2023. However as in 2024, in order to secure 3 stars or higher for vehicles under both GNCAP and BNCAP it has to be a standard fitment. The process of fitment of ESC in cars must be a two-step process across the norms- as standard in bestselling variant of the car or in equal number in other variants of the car model.

Pedestrian Protection

The AIS100 norms that are required by Bharat NCAP are very similar to the UN127 norms required by Global NCAP.

The only difference between the both standards is Adult Occupant Protection (AOP) scores. Under the GNCAP it is 34 points, while under the BNCAP it is 32 points.

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