Various Approaches to Tribal Development in India
The tribal population of India constitutes around 8% of total population over 94,000 tribal villages. Tribals are mainly concentrated in Andhra Pradesh, Chattisgarh, Odisha, Jharkhand, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Maharashtra, West Bengal, North-Eastern States and North-Western Himalayan States.
Tribals in remote areas are still lack of common infrastructure facilities of road and communication, health and education and safe drinking water, which do not allow them to absorb technological and financial facilities provided by government.
Sustainable Tribal Development Approaches were taken up for their all round development as well as to bring them into the mainstream.
For All Round Develpment of Tribals, in 1972, Tribal Development Directorate established for effective implementation of Tribal Welfare Schemes. In 1976 Tribal Development Commissionerate was established for All Round Development of Tribal. In 1984 separate Tribal Development Ministry was established to strengthen the Tribal Development Department, Directorate was merged into Commissionerate in 1992.
Objectives of Tribal Development Approach
- To promote sustainable participatory livelihood programmes
- To take up promotional efforts such as capacity building, exposure visits, training, developing literature, sensitization programmes etc.
- To support promotional activities for micro-credit, promotion of SHGs, Income
- Generating Activities for land-less, SC / ST communities and other weaker sections of the community
- To support activities related to development of tribal market